Категории: Протоколы по лечению и тестированию
Год выпуска: 2010
Тип документа: Guidelines
Язык документа: ENG
Теги: Euro CDC
Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) – background
About four out of five people in low- and middle-income countries who need services for mental, neurological and substance use conditions do not receive them. Even when available, the interventions often are neither evidence-based nor of high quality. WHO recently launched the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) for low- and middle-income countries with the objective of scaling up care for mental, neurological and substance use disorders. This mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) has been developed to facilitate mhGAP-related delivery of evidence-based interventions in non-specialized health-care settings.
There is a widely shared but mistaken idea that all mental health interventions are sophisticated and can only be delivered by highly specialized staff. Research in recent years has demonstrated
the feasibility of delivery of pharmacological and psychosocial interventions in non-specialized health-care settings. The present model guide is based on a review of all the science available in this area and presents the interventions recommended for use in low- and middle-income countries.
The mhGAP-IG includes guidance on evidence-based interventions to identify and manage a number of priority conditions. The priority conditions included are depression, psychosis, bipolar disorders, epilepsy, developmental and behavioural disorders in children and adolescents, dementia, alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, self-harm / suicide and other significant emotional or medically unexplained complaints. These priority conditions were selected because they represent a large burden in terms of mortality, morbidity or disability, have high economic costs, and are associated with violations of human rights.